The War of the Worlds. The innovative science-fiction story about the possibilities of intelligent life on distant planets follows an English astronomer, in company with an artilleryman, a country curate, and others, as they struggle to survive the invasion of Earth by Martians in 1894.
The Time Machine is considered by many to be one of the finest works of English fiction. This highly entertaining novella has had an enormous influence on English fiction in general and science fiction in particular. Even the term 'The Time Machine' (coined by Wells) is now used universally to refer to hypothetical machines capable of time travel. An unnamed observer is the narrator of the story about the time traveler who uses his machine to travel to the future. The narrator relates the time traveler's adventures as told to him by the traveler upon his return. It includes travels to far distant futures and meetings with strange adaptations of humans like the Eloi and the Morlocks. The book contains a wealth of fascinating ideas and theories, many of which are still discussed today.
H.G. Wells was born in Bromley, England, the son of an unsuccessful merchant. After a limited education, he was apprenticed to a dry-goods merchant, but soon found he wanted something more out of life. He read widely and got a position as a student assistant in a secondary school, eventually winning a scholarship to the College of Science in South Kensington, where he studied biology under the British biologist and educator, Thomas Henry Huxley. After graduating, Wells took several different teaching positions and began writing for magazines. When his stories began to sell, he left teaching to write full time. Wells's first major novel, The Time Machine (1895), launched his career as a writer, and he began to produce a steady stream of science-fiction tales, short stories, realistic novels, and books of sociology, history, science, and biography, producing one or more books a year. Much of Wells's work is forward-looking, peering into the future of prophesy social and scientific developments, sometimes with amazing accuracy. Along with French writer Jules Verne, Wells is credited with popularizing science fiction, and such novels as The Time Machine and The War of the Worlds (1898) are still widely read. Many of Wells's stories are based on his own experiences. The History of Mr. Polly (1910) draws on the life of Wells's father. Kipps (1905) uses Wells's experience as an apprentice, and Love and Mr. Lewisham (1900) draws on Wells's experiences as a school teacher. Wells also wrote stories showing how the world could be a better place. One such story is A Modern Utopia (1905). As a writer, Wells's range was exceptionally wide and his imagination extremely fertile. While time may have caught up with him (many of the things he predicted have already come to pass), he remains an interesting writer because of his ability to tell a lively tale.